ChurchRodent

Voltaire

(1694-1778) To him the saying is attributed "I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it." He was perhaps the most influential propagandist for deism. He personified the skepticism of the French Enlightenment. Above all others, Voltaire popularized Newton’s science, fought…

Bruderhof

The persecution of the Anabaptists forced them to flee to the north. Many of them found refuge on the lands of some exceptionally tolerant princes in Moravia. There they founded a long-lasting form of economic community called the Bruderhof, a Christian commune. In part they aimed to follow the pattern…

Crusades

Driven by religious fervor, love of adventure and dreams of personal profit, crusaders from western Europe for 200 years attempted to expel the Muslims from the Holy Land. All the great and colorful figures of this era were caught up in the consuming cause, from Peter the Hermit, who inflamed…

Edward VI

When King Henry VII died in 1547, his only son, frail ten-year-old Edward VI, followed his father to the throne. Edward’s mother was Jane Seymour, whom Henry had married after he had executed Anne Boleyn on charges of adultery. During Edward’s brief years England saw the Six Articles repealed, priests…

Hildebrand

Was Pope as Gregory VII from 1073-1085. He claimed unprecedented power for the papacy. Gregory held as his ideal the creation of a Christian commonwealth under papal control. He insisted that the spiritual power was supreme over the temporal. In his clash with emperor Henry IV, the pope accused Henry…

Marcion

A second-century heretic who rejected all Scripture except ten of Paul’s epistles and part of Luke. He distinguished between the Old Testament creator God, who Marcion considered evil, and the God of the New Testament, who revealed Himself in Christ. [tags]BlogRodent, church-history, ChurchRodent, history, Marcion[/tags]  

Nero

During this emperor’s reign, in the year 64, fire broke out in Rome and for six days and nights the fire burned. To turn hatred away from himself, Nero accused the Christians of having set the fire. Terrible persecution followed, and Nero drove around in his chariot enjoying the horrible…

Peter

A Jew, one of Jesus’ twelve disciples, preached to multitudes on the Day of Pentecost, when the Baptism of the Spirit was given, and thousands were saved. Peter was arrested shortly afterwards. It is possible that he was martyred at the hands of Nero, in Rome. [tags]BlogRodent, church-history, ChurchRodent, history,…

Albrecht Ritschl

(1822-1889) A German theologian, he taught at Bonn and Gottingen. The most influential theologian in the late nineteenth century and the principal teacher of American liberals, he focused "religious experience" upon the historical Jesus. To Ritschl religion had to be practical and rests upon the values of men, not upon…

Jimmy Carter

During the 1976 Presidential campaign in the United States, Jimmy Carter’s evangelical faith arose as one of the major issues. The Watergate scandal had toppled the Nixon administration a short time before, and many Americans felt that morality in government was of supreme importance. Others, however, warned that religion could…

Confessing Church

To counter the "German Christian" group, a group of ministers led by Martin Niemuller formed the Pastor’s Emergency League and set up an alternative church government known as the Confessing Church. In May 1934, the Confessing Church spelled out its theological convictions in the Barmen Declaration. It called the German…

Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948). Vaishnavite Hindu. Born in Porbander, India, a true devotee of "selfless action," in the tradition of the Bhagavad-gita. Profoundly influenced by Henry Thoreau, Leo Tolstoy, and the Sermon on the Mount, he was a London matriculate, studied law at Inner Temple, and was called to the…

Inquisition

In dealing with heretics the church had two objectives: first, the conversion of the heretic and, second, the protection of Christian society. Heresy eventually drove the Roman Catholic church to her most serious internal conflict: How can the church employ violence to safeguard a peaceful society? The church deliberately accepted…

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