ChurchRodent

Celsus

An outspoken critic of Christianity who noted: "Far from us, say the Christians, be any man possessed of any culture or wisdom or judgment; their aim is to convince only worthless and contemptible people, idiots, slaves, poor women, and children. … These are the only ones whom they manage to turn…

Diocletian

The Emperor of Rome who occupied the throne for more than 20 years (284-305) before his successor, Constantine. Considered the most savage of the persecutors of the church. Divided the imperial rule among four men — two "Augusti," with slightly subordinate "Caesars" in order to control the ambitions of his most…

Evangelical Liberalism

Professor Kenneth Cauthen finds two fundamental types of liberalism. He calls them "evangelical liberalism" and "modernistic liberalism." Cauthen suggests that the evangelical liberals were "serious Christians" who were searching for a theology which could serve "intelligent moderns." Evangelical liberals took greater confidence in the tower resting on Christian experience. [tags]BlogRodent,…

A. J. Gordon

A Baptist minister, he played a leading role in organizing two large prophecy conferences in New York (1878) and Chicago (1886) at which the essentials of premillennialism were hammered out: The world will continue to decline into sin until the Antichrist is loosed for one last orgy of destruction, at…

Pope Leo XIII

(1878-1903) In 1891 the aging pope outlined what has become the basic Catholic position on the relationship between capital and labor. The encyclical Rerum Novarum, after calling attention to the evil conditions resulting from the Industrial Revolution, rejected socialism and took a strong stand for the Christian family as the…

Methodist

It all began with John and Charles Wesley at Oxford sometime around 1728, when the two brothers, alarmed at the spread of deism on campus, organized meetings with students who were serious about their religion. In scorn the label "Methodists" stuck. Wherever Wesley went, as he preached revival, little "societies"…

Blaise Pascal

(1623-1662) A French physicist and Roman Catholic. Attended meetings of the Academy of Science with his father, and his scientific curiosity was aroused at an early age. Invented a calculating machine for his father, a tax collector, and discovered basic principles of atmospheric and hydraulic pressures. While recovering from a…

Presbyterians

Designating a church which upholds church government by presbyters, or elders. It is a form of church government which invests presbyters, or elders, with all spiritual power and admits no prelates over them. Under King Charles I, the Presbyterians held sway in England’s Parliament. When Oliver Cromwell became the Lord…

Thomas Aquinas

(1224-1274) Dominican monk of noble birth; brilliant, tireless and gentle. Honored reason above all other human attributes, and was faithful to the church as well as scholarship. Was sent from Italy to counter the spread of Greek philosophies at the universities in Paris. In Summa Theologica, he countered the tenets…

Council of Trent

(1545-47, 1551-52, 1562-63) One of the most important councils since Nicea in 325 until Vatican II in 1962-65. Called to build a doctrinal fortress against the challenging Protestant Reformation. Under the influence of the Jesuits, Trent developed into a powerful weapon of the Counter Reformation. In response to the Protestant’s…

John Eck

A theologian contemporary of Martin Luther. He held an 18-day debate with Luther in 1519 at Leipzig where Luther said "A council may sometimes err. Neither the church nor the pope can establish articles of faith. These must come from Scripture." Eck moved to have Luther declared a heretic. [tags]BlogRodent,…

Fourth Lateran Council

(1215) Under Pope Innocent III’s leadership, this council provided for the state’s punishment of heretics, the confiscation of their property, excommunication for those unwilling to move against the heretic, and complete forgiveness of sins for those cooperating. [tags]BlogRodent, church-history, ChurchRodent, Fourth-Lateran-Council, history, Innocent-III[/tags]  

Hellenism

Hellenism was the Greek cultural influence upon the early church, which competed against orthodox Jewish culture. The tension between the two different, and sometimes opposed, philosophies and world view spurred closer examination of the truth claims of the young Christian church. [tags]BlogRodent, church-history, ChurchRodent, Hellenism, history[/tags]  

J. Gresham Machen

In the "fundamentalist-modernist" controversy the Presbyterian champion of orthodoxy was Professor Machen of Princeton Theological Seminary. He withdrew from the seminary in protest of a merger of boards strengthening liberalism. With the retinue that followed him, they founded Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia. [tags]BlogRodent, church-history, ChurchRodent, history, J.-Gresham-Machen[/tags]  

Benito Mussolini

World War II broke out in 1939 when German forces invaded Poland. Hitler had made common cause with Mussolini’s fascist region in Italy and a militaristic clique ruling in Japan. All three nations were inflamed by ideas of expansion. [tags]Benito-Mussolini, BlogRodent, church-history, ChurchRodent, history[/tags]  

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