A warm, kindle, well-meaning man. The liberals took him for a true reformer when, on 14 March 1848 he gave the Papal States a constitution that permitted the people a moderate degree of participation in their government. Some dreamed of an Italian federation under the pope. But Pius changed his mind about the Papal States when revolutionaries assassinated the first papal prime minister, Count Pellegrino Rossi. Revolution broke out in Rome and Pius was forced to flee. With French military help he regained Rome and the Papal States but this time Pius insisted on a return to the old absolutist rule.
[tags]BlogRodent, church-history, ChurchRodent, history, Pope-Pius-IX[/tags]