When Philip Spener (1635-1705) preached from the Sermon on the Mount in 1669 (after several years of ministry) in Frankfort, revival broke out among his parishioners. Soon Spener gathered a little company of dedicated believers in his house twice weekly for reading of Scripture and religious conversion. These meetings were soon called in scorn "gatherings of the pious", and "Pietism" was born. In his introduction to Johann Arndt’s published sermons, Spener recommended the establishment of Bible study groups for spiritual development; a strenuous, rather ascetic Christian life; greater care for the Christian character of theological students; and simpler and more spiritual preaching. Later, with Spener and Hermann Francke at the new University of Halle, the Pietist movement really got afoot. The university became the hub of a host of Pietist ministries.
The later phase of Pietism is dominated by Count von Zinzendorf (1700-1760) when the remains of the old Hussite movement, the Bohemian Brethren, found refuge on his estate. From 1727 Zinzendorf was the guiding spirit of Herrnhut, the community they formed there, and ten years later he received formal ordination in the reorganized Moravian Church, or "United Brethren". Soon the Moravians became the first large-scale Protestant missionary force in history.
[tags]BlogRodent, church-history, ChurchRodent, Herrnhut, history, Moravians, Philip, Pietists, John-Hus[/tags]