When Eutyches began to defend monophysitism (the intimate combination of the human and divine natures in Christ so that they are actually one nature — the human nature absorbed by the divine), he was condemned as a heretic. The "Robber Council" at Ephesus (431) rehabilitated him, and then the Council of Chalcedon (451) again set forth a new definition of the nature of Christ in response to this heresy. Soon, some Christians in the Near East rejected the work of Chalcedon and this eventually led to the breaking away of the Monophysite Churches from the rest of Eastern Orthodoxy. This led to the Coptic Church, the largest Christian body in Egypt today, with a related church in Ethiopia, and the so-called Jacobite Church of Syria, which has most of its adherents in South India.
[tags]BlogRodent, church-history, ChurchRodent, Eastern-Orthodoxy, Eutyches, history, Monophysite-Church[/tags]